Improving the quality of teachers’ professional communication in distance learning at higher education institutions, using information and communication technologies


  • I. Synelnyk National Technical University "Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute
  • A. Stonoha Ukrainian Engineering Pedagogics Academy


professional communication, educational communication, nonverbal communication, distance learning, studies, distance learning studies, information and communication technologies (ICT), factors influencing the efficiency of distance learning


The topicality of the research topic is predefined by an urgent requirement put into place by the
coronavirus pandemic and the need for quarantine measures. The effect of the virus has been seen in the
transition of the existing in-class educational process into online studies. This major shift in education has stimulated the improvement of the system of online studies and communication by means of computer
technology. The aim of this work is to expose problems in educational communication under the conditions
of distance learning, to substantiate the choice and the use of information and communication technologies
(ICT) in the solution of educational problems. To select a specific topic for research it is necessary to
understand the features of professional communication in distance learning, to ground the problems of
educational communication, to offer the ways of communication and decision-making, and to offer means
suitable to solve problems in educational communication.
While conducting the research, such methods as pedagogical supervision and questioning
(questionnaires) were used. Features of teacher-student communication in distance learning, which had the
strongest impact on the character of distance learning, were identified. Also, the advantages and limitations of
work in such a mode were examined from the point of view of its participants. An empirical study was
undertaken in the form of an electronic questionnaire administered to educators and students of higher
education establishments of different types. Based on the results of the empirical research, the main advantages
and problems of distance learning were distinguished, as were factors that promote or reduce the perception of
quality and mastering of educational materials from the viewpoint of research and teaching staff and students.
According to the results of the poll, the basic positive qualities of distance learning are the advantages
of organizational character as well as the use and necessity of capturing modern ІCТ. Basic limitations and
factors that negatively influence perception and learning in distance education are related to complex
organization of teaching activities and educational cooperation and a decline in the perception of quality and
mastering of educational materials. The results demonstrated that most problems of the educational process
are conditioned by incomplete educational communication in the online mode. The solution of these
problems is possible to carry out through information and communications technologies and the
opportunities they offer.