Peculiarities of the work on vocabulary acquisition in the process of studying the Ukrainian language by foreign students
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Keywords

linguistic behavior
speech activity
linguistic environment
terminological vocabulary
lexical and grammatical units
presentation of a lexical unit
means of mastering vocabulary: clarity
antonymy
synonymy
lexical communication
context

Abstract

Forming an individual's personality as an active and intellectually developed member of society
capable of independent realization is a challenge of today. The main characteristic of an individual is
language behavior while the main ability is the ability to communicate, especially in the professional sphere.
This ability is formed as a result of the development of professional communication skills, which should
form the basis of educational activities in the process of mastering the Ukrainian language by foreign
students. Vocabulary is required for both productive speaking activity, such as speaking and reading, and
receptive speaking activity, such as listening and writing. Depending on the stage of training, a minimum
vocabulary is formed and appropriate exercises are selected for semantics and mastering the vocabulary, and
a method of mastering Ukrainian vocabulary is developed.
When studying vocabulary, the following stages of work with vocabulary are traditionally
distinguished: 1) presentation of vocabulary; 2) methodical actions ensuring the assimilation of new
vocabulary by foreign students; 3) organization of revision of the learned vocabulary and quality control of
assimilation.
A communicative or practical goal, which is to teach students the Ukrainian language as a means of
communication, is recognized as the leading one at all stages of study. This goal is achieved by solving the
following main tasks: I) ensuring the participation of non-philological students in the educational process of
higher education institutions, where practical knowledge of the language is necessary primarily for listening
to lectures, reading literature, oral presentations at seminars, etc.; 2) preparing students for wide
communication in the language environment that surrounds them throughout the study period (which means
communication on everyday, socio-cultural, socio-political and educational topics); 3) developing the ability
to read professional literature and fiction without using dictionaries.
Particular attention needs to be paid to the terminological vocabulary of each specialty, which means
special scientific concepts, concepts that shape the professional language environment of a foreign student.
The terminological vocabulary performs a semantic and text-forming function, and the term itself acts as a
kind of text integrator, integrating and structuring the necessary semantic lexical-grammatical units, ensuring
the integrity and logical orientation of the text.

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