Scientific foundations of vocational training of future grid automation engineers on the basis of causal learning
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Keywords

system approach
methodological system
grid automation engineer
causal learning

Abstract

The paper defines the conceptual general scientific principles of vocational training of future grid
automation engineers on the basis of causal learning. The research on the methodological system of
vocational training of future engineers as a holistic object, in which goals, content, methods, means and
forms of training are interrelated, has been conducted. It is determined that the ultimate goals of vocational
training of future specialists should represent a system of competencies and should consist of intermediate
goals for solving professional problems within the respective competencies on acquainting, conceptanalytical
and productive-synthetic acquisition levels. It is established that the basic principle of constructing
the content of vocational training of future engineers is to meet the requirement of a system of knowledge,
characterized by the presence in the student's consciousness of structural-functional (content-logical)
connections between individual elements of knowledge. Considering this, the content of vocational training
of future grid automation engineers on the basis of the causal learning must ensure the development of the
system of competencies used for solving professional tasks on the basis of the fundamental invariant causal
chain of knowledge. It is established that the method of causal development of professional competency
must serve as the basis of vocational training of future engineers. The paper substantiates a set of general
scientific methods of cognition that should form the basis of the method of causal development of
professional competency of future specialists, namely analysis, synthesis, synthesis, comparative, inductive,
deductive, analogical, abstractive, specifying and modeling ones. It is established that vocational training of
future engineers involves the development of special means in accordance with the method of causal
development of professional competency. It is determined that the forms of vocational training of future grid
automation engineers should represent a coherent system that, on the one hand, reflects the goals, content,
methods and means of learning, and, on the other hand, determines the communicative interaction between
the teacher and students, as well as between students themselves.

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